Acute respiratory diseases

Acute respiratory diseases, according to statistics from the World Health Organization, are the most frequent on our planet. Indeed, everyone has had a respiratory illness at least once in their life, and some suffer from it several times a year. In most cases, the causative agent remains unknown, but most often the treatment tactics do not depend on the specific type of pathogen. Some doctors prescribe in this case:

First, let’s understand the terms
ARI is the common name for all types of acute respiratory tract diseases caused by viral or bacterial infection.

ARI is an acute respiratory illness of viral nature.

Influenza is an acute respiratory infection caused by the influenza virus.

Thus, influenza is a special case of acute respiratory infections, and acute respiratory infections are included in ARI.

The course of ARI can be described by two groups of symptoms. General symptoms are characterized by weakness of the body with head and muscle pain, aching joints and chills. They may be accompanied by persistent fever, but may also be present without it. The runny nose, cough, sore throat and earache are local symptoms and may occur either individually or all together.

Three factors influence the duration and nature of all symptoms:
The external factor is the causative agent itself, i.e., a virus or bacterial infection;

Internal factor is the condition of the patient’s body, the presence of allergic and chronic diseases in the anamnesis, which may affect the course of the ARI;

The conditions in which the person ill with an acute respiratory infection is located.

Not always during a cold we can not go to a specialist, so you need to know what to do in this case. The first task is to create the conditions necessary for recovery: home, preferably home mode, plenty of warm drink and, if necessary, safe antipyretic drugs. There is a huge selection of drops, sprays and lozenges to treat local symptoms, but it is better to have your doctor choose them.

Usually an acute respiratory infection lasts from 6 to 10 days, where after 4-5 for there is a significant improvement in the patient’s condition.

Remember that you should immediately consult a specialist if you have the following symptoms:
Body temperature above 39C lasts more than 5 days, or does not decrease after 1 hour after taking antipyretics;
A severe headache, or a combination of headache and vomiting;
A rash that does not disappear on pressure;
combination of pallor, chills, and shortness of breath;
episodes of choking while coughing;

intense pain in any place;
sore throat in the absence of a runny nose;
It is also advisable to consult your doctor if you have any allergic reactions or chronic diseases, as they can affect the course of the disease significantly enough.

Vomiting and loose stools sometimes join the symptoms of acute respiratory infections. There is still no consensus on this: is it the coincidence of respiratory and intestinal infections, or are these symptoms of a type of gastroenteritis. In any case, it is necessary to consult a doctor urgently, especially if it concerns small children, because intestinal infections can lead to dehydration.

The main defender of our body against any ARI is our immunity. Constant emotional overload, the lack of regular physical activity, uncontrolled use of medications break down the fine-tuned mechanism and contribute to the frequency of ARI episodes. In addition, seasonal vaccination is a reliable protection against the flu virus.

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